A myringotomy is performed to improve hearing by creating a hole in the eardrum to allow the trapped fluid in the middle ear to drain out. It can be blood, pus or sometimes, water. In most cases, a small tube is inserted into the hole in the eardrum to help maintain drainage. Based on data available on the web, millions of people have some type of hearing loss that directly impacts communication, health, relationships, and even careers. If you are one of those, you might be wondering if there are surgeries that can restore your lost hearing. Well, there are ear surgeries to restore hearing for certain types of hearing loss. The important fact is that not everyone with hearing loss is a good candidate for surgery, so, you can try to locate the best ENT Clinic near. You can also see the advantages of laser surgery such as relief from a number of infections, improved hearing, and reduced pain.
Things you should know about hearing loss:
I tried to fathom the worldwide impact of hearing loss, the number was really huge. Nearly 360 million people in the world suffer from disabling hearing loss which constitutes over 5% of the world’s population. The widespread presence and occurrence of hearing impairment in India are substantially high as well. The prevalence of deafness in South-East Asia varies from 4.6% to 8.8%. In urban areas, the loss was 9% of all disability and in rural areas, it was 10%.
The WHO defines deafness as the complete loss of hearing ability in one or two ears. It is of utmost importance to recognize deaf child before the age of 1 year because from 1 to 3 years onward babies start hearing the speech. Since without hearing, a child cannot develop speech and language. Unfortunately, hearing loss is often not detected until a child is 3, or even 4 years old, especially in rural areas.
Why do you need Myringotomy?
A myringotomy is required:
- To restore hearing loss caused by a chronic fluid build-up
- To prevent the development of delayed speech caused in children by hearing loss
- To place tympanostomy tubes or pressure equalizer tubes; it may prevent recurring ear infections and the accumulation of fluid behind the eardrum
- To help treat an ear infection which is not responding to medical treatment
- To take sample fluid from the middle ear to examine the presence of bacteria or other infections
After the procedure, pain in the ear should be mollified. Moreover, hearing loss should improve which was there due to fluid build-up.
Are there any risks or complications in Myringotomy?
The chances of problems are quite rare in procedures performed by ENT Specialist but all procedures have some risk associated with it. The doctor shall review potential problems such as:
- Chronic scarring
- Hearing loss
- Injury to ear structures
- Need for repeat surgery
The procedure of Myringotomy:
In myringotomy, a small hole is made into the eardrum to drain out infectious materials. It can treat otitis media with effusion (OME) or a middle ear infection. A middle ear infection is common in children and when antibiotics & home remedies won’t work, Myringotomy is performed.
A small microscope is placed to give the doctor a better view. Your doctor may use a laser beam to make the opening in the eardrum. Then, a tiny incision will be made, fluid from the middle ear will then be drained. Later, a small tube will be inserted and left in place. This allows the drainage to continue. It involves no stitches since incision generally heals itself. The procedure is done on both ears. The surgery will last about 15–20 minutes.
How to prepare for Myringotomy?
It is a day-care procedure and does not require a lot of preparation. You have to arrange a ride to and from the procedure. Remember not to eat or drink anything for at least eight hours before the procedure. Additionally, talk to your doctor about your medications since you may be asked to stop taking some medications.
Does a Myringotomy surgery hurt?
An Anesthesia is given which prevents pain during surgery. You may have minor pain after surgery. Your doctor can give you pain medication or a pain reliever to manage this discomfort. As per the need, lidocaine ear drops may be given to decrease pain.
If ear tubes are inserted in the ear, you may feel popping, pulsation, clicking, or minor pain when burping, chewing, or yawning until the ear heals around the tubes.
Why is hearing loss surgery not for everyone?
With the advent of technology, people with hearing loss will have more options for restoring lost hearing. But now, surgeries for hearing loss can only correct very specific losses, others still have to make do with hearing aids. Devices these days have high precision and are technologically advanced. If you are thinking about identifying if you can get the surgery, you can try to reach out to best ENT Specialist near you by clicking the link here.