JavaScript Objects Overview

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JavaScript is an Object Oriented Programming i.e. OOP language. It provides four basic capabilities i.e. Encapsulation, Aggregation, Inheritance and Polymorphism.

For example as a car. It has properties like weight and color and and methods like start and stop. So, all cars have same properties, but the values differ from one car to another.

Object Properties:

Syntax for adding a property to an object:
objectName.objectProperty = propertyValue;

var car = {

So, the name:values pairs are called properties.

var person = {

Object Methods:

Methods are like actions which can be performed on objects. This is attached to an object and can be referenced by the “this” keyword.

For example:

document.write("Hello Dolly!");

This is write() method of document object to write any content.

How to access:

Using two ways you can access object properties.

1. objectName.propertyName
2. objectName[“propertyName”]

Let’s see another example:

This is how to create an object and assign the value in it.

<script type="text/javascript">
var book = new Object();
book.subject = "JavaScript";  = "Mr. Dunga";

And this is how to access the object value.

<script type="text/javascript">
document.write("Name : " + book.subject + "<br>");
document.write("Author : " + + "<br>");

Name : JavaScript
Author : Mr. Dunga

Read Also: JavaScript Browsers Handling

Use Methods for an Object:

<script type="text/javascript">
function addPrice(amount){
this.price = amount;

function car(name, model){ = name;
this.model  = model;
this.addPrice = addPrice;

var myCar = new car("Nissan", "N-100");

document.write("Name : " + + "<br>");
document.write("Model : " + myCar.model + "<br>");
document.write("Price : " + myCar.price + "<br>");

Name : Nissan
Model : N-100
Price : 45000

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